Can I exchange on a property where there is no Grant of Probate?

By Kerry Blackhurst

In a word, yes.

The authority of the Executors to deal with the property comes from the Will and then is confirmed by the Grant of Probate. Where there is no Will, or valid appointment of Executors, then the authority comes from the Grant itself.

But there are some important considerations

  • Although you can exchange without the Grant of Probate, you will need the Grant to register at the Land Registry so any exchange should therefore be conditional upon Probate being granted and the contract should stipulate a completion date for a set number of days after the Grant of Probate has been issued.
  • As with all conditional contract situations you should consider other relevant issues. For example, a Grant of Probate may take a lot longer to receive than anticipated so the parties ought to include a suitable backstop date in the contact. The buyer will have considerations about its mortgage expiry and even valuation expiry which need to be factored into any time period provided for the Grant to be obtained.
  • Remember also that where a deposit is paid on exchange, where completion is delayed, that deposit will be tied up and may prevent the buyer being able to pursue other property transactions.
  • Exchanging subject to a Grant of Probate is unlikely to work where the buyer is in a chain as a fixed date for a completion is not going to be achieved.

It is also worth noting that in some limited circumstances there is an exemption for some or all of your SDLT where a property is purchased from Personal Representatives.

So, in summary, yes you can exchange before you receive a Grant of Probate is received, but plan ahead.

Kerry Blackhurst is head of our Private Client team.  Kerry works closely with our property team and provides advice to clients on a variety of estate planning matters.